Rhino Technically Speaking Do Not Have Horns

A REPORT from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) states that 2014 was the worst year in efforts to protect rhinos living in the wild as over 1,215 were illegally slaughtered in South Africa alone for their horns.
For centuries, people in Persia believed that rhino’s horns can detect and remove poisonous materials from beverages. On the other hand, the Greeks used special filters made out of rhino’s horns as they believed that the horns purify water.
As time went on more cures were added on to the rhino’s horns special abilities, these include restoring, maintaining and increasing vitality power in men.
This and other beliefs spread like wild fire and pushed the demand of rhino’s horn in the Far East, the Gulf and Indian sub continent into all time high.
Investigative reports by IUCN indicate that India, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Thailand and China are the main destination for smuggled rhino’s horns from different parts of Asia and Africa. The reports point out that the horns are crushed then ground into powder and mixed with herbs.
Rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. People grind the horns and then consume them believing the dust has therapeutic properties.
It’s believed that when the powder from a rhino’s horn is mixed with hot water it cures people suffering from pain in their joints.
Scientists say rhinos do not carry horns. Scientifically they have a hornlike growth which is made of special fibrous called keratin.
This is a protein which assembles into bundles of filaments which form the outer layer of human skin and it’s a material which makes our hair and finger nails, so eating or drinking something which was prepared from a rhino’s horn is like consuming your own body parts.
Scientists continue to say that although the horns of antelopes and other ruminants are covered with keratin they consist of other proteins which cover a core of bones unlike the growth on rhinos head. From the above explanations the rhinos don’t carry true horns but a pointed cylindrical growth made of thickly mattered hairs which grow from the skull without the support of a skeleton.
There are reports of some rhinos in the wild to grow a third hornlike growth but most ruminants carry one pair of horns while some antelopes are said to have ability of shedding out their horns in different stage of their lives and grow them again.
It could be good if rhinos were able to shed their hornlike growth but they maintain them until when they reach the maximum length of 50 to 80 cm for upper one and 30 cm for the front and smaller one.
As a result of these evil activities few rhinos are still dwelling in the wild but IUCN says they are in great danger of going into extinction.
There are five different subspecies of rhino which are White rhinoceros of South Africa, Indian rhinoceros of Indian sub continent, Javan rhinoceros of Indonesia, Sumatran rhinoceros of Malaysia and the Black rhinoceros which dwell in the savannah of East Africa especially in Kenya and Tanzania.
We need to protect these beautiful ancient mammals which may be seen in parks like the Ngorongoro Crater, Nkomazi National Park in Kilimanjaro and Serengeti National Park in Mara region.
Rhinos are thought to be one of Earth’s ancient creatures as their ancestors called Rhinocerotidae appeared on Earth more than five million years ago before multiplying and migrating to other parts of the globe.