Operation Phakisa unlocks aquaculture potential in Saldanha Bay
The Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Mr Senzeni Zokwana, welcomes the green light received on the proposed sea-based Aquaculture Development Zone (ADZ) in Saldanha Bay, Western Cape. This enhances sustainable aquaculture expansion in Saldanha Bay. It will further contribute towards the realisation of the aquaculture aspirations of Operation Phakisa: Oceans Economy in terms of job creation, increased primary production, increased GDP contribution and inclusive growth of the sector.
Aquaculture has been practiced in Saldanha Bay since the 1980's and is considered as one of the primary locations for the culture of key commercial cold water species such as oysters, mussels and salmon. Previous studies indicate that one of the fundamental challenges in realising the potential of aquaculture in Saldanha Bay was the lack of an enabling regulatory environment. The Operation Phakisa: Oceans Economy programme provides the platform to create this environment through increasing access to land and water space as well as improving access to markets and funding. As a result, there is significant interest from industry to expand current operations and to start new projects in the area. To date, fifteen (15) of the 35 registered Operation Phakisa aquaculture projects are located in Saldanha Bay with the majority of these marine aquaculture projects being small medium micro enterprises (SMME's) in the oyster and mussel subsector.
Minister Zokwana values the active participation of various Interested and Affected Parties (I&APs) in the area during the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process. In line with the environmental authorisation received, key mitigation and management measures will be undertaken to alleviate any risks identified. One such measure is the establishment of an Aquaculture Management Committee (AMC) comprised of relevant government departments to oversee the management, monitoring and compliance of the environmental authorisation. To ensure transparency and accountability, the Consultative Forum (CF) will be established to create a platform for Interested and Affected Parties (I&APs) to engage with government departments and discuss environmental monitoring results.
At first, approximately 1800 hectares of sea-space was earmarked for aquaculture development in the bay. However due to stakeholder inputs and other user needs, the initial area was reduced by over 50%. This equates to a total of 884 hectares which is approximately 10% of the bay. Interactions between users will be monitored continuously at the AMC and CF. Other mitigation measures include the placement of buffer areas around sensitive parts which include Marine Protected Areas, reefs, wrecks and sensitive visual receptors. In terms of increased aquaculture production, a precautionary and phased approach will be followed with regular monitoring. The extensive monitoring of the ADZ will be completed according to relevant international standards.
Aquaculture development can significantly contribute towards alleviating poverty, empowering local communities and enhancing food security. The Saldanha ADZ has the potential to meet the Operation Phakisa production target, increase local employment in the area by unlocking up to 2 500 permanent direct jobs which can contribute up to 25% towards current local unemployment figures. It has the potential to increase investment into the area by over R400 million and the estimated direct revenue at full production could result to over R800 million per annum. In addition, increased local production can meaningfully assist with the substitution of seafood imports and therefore realise social and economic impacts on a municipal, regional and national level.
Source: Government of South Africa